3rd International Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Sapienza University of Rome—MIUR, Italy
Title: Sustainability of nanomaterials in architecture
Biography: Consiglia Mocerino
The nanomaterials that represent the technological innovation in the building industry are in a growing development, based above all on high performances of environmental sustainability and safety for managers and workers in the building sector and for end users. Hence, HenceHe nnew nanomaterials in architectures, such as in IT, electronics, healthcare, textiles, design, etc., are launched by improving chain production, with low environmental impact, for the protection of human health, excluding the possible risk of their probable toxicity—the identified toxicity and exposure identified in both humans and the environment. They are defined by the EU recommendation (2011/696/EU), adopted by REACH for registration, evaluation, authorization, restriction of chemicals and by CDL for classification and labeling as, "a natural, accidental or manufactured material containing free, aggregate or agglomerated particles in which, for 50% or more of the particles in the numerical dimensional distribution, where one or more external dimensions are in the range of dimensions 1 nm: 100 nm". This promising sector of the economy has become one of the strongest themes for studies and research, for universities, R&D, FIEC and FETBB and for national and international debates paying attention, mainly, to the chemical analysis and their life cycle up to the recycling of waste, to the awareness of the use and of useful instruments with necessary measures to be adopted. In fact, the physico-chemical properties of engineered or synthetic particles can differ from those of soluble and insoluble type, indicating the latter, and the most interested in the use of nanotechnologies and among the most susceptible to thermal effects, while focusing research on soluble particles, despite their easy dispersion in the environment. Therefore, objectives of conformity of the use of nanomaterials in different contexts with sustainable criteria for the environment and for human health, with improvement of production, safety and conscious application. Hence, strategies for monitoring and use of imagining techniques with application of ECHA, EUON Observatory with NanoData and NanoMapper, etc. The methodologies indicate the application of materials enhanced by nanoparticles such as self-cleaning cements with the ability to absorb CO2 emissions, ceramics, coatings, insulators, etc. The challenge in architecture is the improvement with conscious use of the materials we have designed in all the components of the building and the implementation of testing their technical performances.